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About Laser Therapy (LLLT)

Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) has been used for many years on sports injuries, arthritic joints, and neuropathic pain. It is used in the British and US military, Premier League football teams, Olympic teams, Formula 1, and in specialist pain clinics in the UK and USA. It is backed up by science, numerous clinical trials, and excellent individual results. One of the visions of Phoenix Physiotherapy and Laser Clinic is to make this highly effective treatment more widely available to the general public.

At Phoenix Physiotherapy and Laser Clinic, we use Laser Therapy for:

The Science

LLLT has a photochemical effect (like photosynthesis in plants). One of the main mechanisms of action occurs in the mitochondria (the cellular power plant inside every cell). It restores normal mitochondrial function, thus improving cell metabolism. When cells get stressed (due to disease or injury) the mitochondria produces nitric oxide (NO). This displaces oxygen from cytochrome c oxidase (a protein within the mitochondria), which reduces ATP (an essential intracellular energy and extracellular signalling molecule) and causes an over-production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This leads to oxidative stress, which leads to inflammation and cell death (via the gene transcription factor NF-Kb). LLLT at the correct wavelength and density dissociates NO, allowing oxygen back in, so ATP is restored and oxidative stress is reduced. Once normal mitochondrial function is restored, then cell metabolism improves. In simple terms, LLLT helps the patient to get better more quickly by aiding the healing process. It reduces pain, reduces inflammation, and improves wound tissue regeneration.

The Evidence

In an ever-growing field of interventions for pain and inflammation, LLLT has a very strong evidence base. There are over 200 randomised clinical trials that have been published on LLLT, half of which are on pain. In the last three years, five systematic reviews have been favourable towards LLLT. For further information on LLLT, and a link to any of these articles, please visit www.thorlaser.com.